2020 an ‘Unprecedented’ yr of COVID-19, lockdown, reforms, protests and polls

This yr will be summarised because the unprecedented yr as not solely COVID-19 introduced the nation to its knees economically and the GDP noticed its lowest dip within the first quarter of 2020-21 as a result of lockdown, it additionally induced drastic modifications in people’s way of life by pushing them in direction of on-line mode for work, schooling or leisure. Besides COVID-19, numerous reforms undertaken by the government beneath its ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan’, stand-off with China, new schooling policy, Delhi and Bihar elections, protest towards citizenship modification act and farm legal guidelines made the headlines in 2020. We look again at these occasions which will make 2020 one of the vital memorable years.

Nationwide lockdown

In a bid to stop additional unfold of coronavirus pandemic, Prime Minister Narendra Modi introduced a 21-day nationwide lockdown on March 24 which was additional prolonged 3 times until May 31. In a televised tackle to the nation, he urged the residents to comply with the lockdown strictly as any negligence would lead the nation to pay a heavy value and push the nation backward by 21 years. During the lockdown, the nation was demarcated into three zones- purple, orange and inexperienced on the premise of variety of COVID-19 cases. From June onwards, the lockdown restrictions have been eased and the method of unlock began.

GDP tanked by 23.9% in Q1 of 2020-21

The government needed to resort to lockdown to stop coronavirus outbreak which led to largest contraction of 23.9% in GDP in April-June of 2020-21. However, July-September quarter contracted by 7.5% as in contrast with the enlargement of 5.2% within the corresponding quarter of 2019-20. Aviation, tourism and hospitality business got here to a grinding halt and are nonetheless struggling to get on their ft as a result of pandemic. The centre and Reserve Bank of India introduced three reduction packages amounting to Rs 29.87 lakh crore, 15% of India’s GDP for the reason that COVID-19 pandemic started to revive the economic system.

Digital transformation

After lockdown was introduced earlier this yr, companies together with banking, education and medical session shifted on-line. COVID-19 has accelerated the shift in direction of digital platforms and make money working from home has someway change into a new regular. Not solely there’s a sea change the way in which firms are conducting their conferences, the shoppers have additionally dramatically adopted on-line channels. PM Modi on July 1, 2015 had launched Digital India with a imaginative and prescient to ‘rework India right into a digitally empowered society and information economic system.’ An app to trace COVID-19 infections and a platform for on-line coronavirus consultations with docs have been additionally unveiled by the government on this route.

Reforms beneath Aatma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan

The government introduced host of daring reforms beneath its Aatma Nirbhar Bharat programme. Changing the definition of MSME, growing overseas direct funding in defence sector, personal sector enterprise policy, agri-marketing reforms, land reforms, quick monitor funding clearance by means of empowered group of secretaries and up-gradation of commercial infrastructure are among the many key reforms. All these reforms will assist India changing into a producing hub.

New Education Policy

The cupboard accredited new schooling policy in July, 2020, after it was final revised in 1992, which will carry sweeping modifications at school and better schooling. It centres round holistic studying with thrust on ‘experimental studying and significant pondering’. It offers freedom to college students to be taught of their mom tongue or regional language till class 5. Universities from among the many top 100 globally will be capable of set up campuses in India for which the HRD ministry will herald new legislation detailing how these universities will function in India.

Protest towards CAA and farm legal guidelines

In February, the nation noticed protests towards citizenship modification act or CAA within the nationwide capital. In the communal riots, greater than 40 people died, while tons of have been injured and several other outlets and homes have been demolished. Then once more in November, farmers from Punjab and Haryana launched their protest towards new farm legal guidelines which would not appear to die down anytime quickly, as they have been demanding repeal of three farm legal guidelines accredited by the Parliament in September and to make minimal assist value or MSP laws.

India-China battle

Tensions between India and China are on the rise since Chinese troops clashed at Galwan Valley in June claiming lives of 20 Indian troopers. Both the nations have held a number of rounds of talks to defuse tensions however to no avail as China continues to deploy its troops on the border main India to be extra vigilant by stationing extra troops to stop any additional mishap.

Delhi and Bihar elections

While Aam Aadmi Party created historical past by replicating its success for second time in a row within the nationwide capital, NDA managed a slender victory in Bihar elections. In Delhi, AAP social gathering received 62 meeting seats, while BJP secured 8 seats. Whereas elections in Bihar confirmed the 2 alliances neck and neck, NDA received 125 seats as in contrast with the 110 seats of opposition alliance.

PM Modi laid basis stone of Ram Temple

PM Modi laid the inspiration stone of Ram Temple on August 5 amid Covid-19 pandemic to mark the start of its development in Ayodhya. Modi carried out Bhumi Pujan in Ayodhyay within the presence of 175 non secular leaders who have been the a part of BJP’s mandir motion that started in Nineteen Eighties. A 40-kg silver brick was laid to start out the development of 161-feet excessive temple, one of many largest shrines within the nation.

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