American poet Louise Gluck has gained the 2020 Nobel Prize in Literature for “her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal”, the Swedish Academy stated on Thursday.
Academy Permanent Secretary Mats Malm stated Gluck was “surprised and happy” on the information regardless of receiving it within the early morning North American time.
A professor at Yale University, Gluck, 77, made her debut in 1968 with “Firstborn”, and is seen as one of the vital outstanding poets in American up to date literature.
Her poetry is characterised by “a striving for clarity”, the Academy stated, with a concentrate on childhood, household life, and shut relationships between dad and mom and siblings.
“In her poems, the self listens for what is left of its dreams and delusions, and nobody can be harder than she in confronting the illusions of the self,” the Academy stated.The Nobel prizes are named after dynamite inventor and rich businessman Alfred Nobel and have been awarded since 1901 for achievements in science, literature and peace in accordance with his will.
Nobel prizes for drugs, physics and chemistry have been awarded earlier this week, and the peace prize is to be introduced on Friday.
The literature prize has been dogged by controversy over the previous a number of years.In 2019 the Academy exceptionally named two winners after suspending the 2018 prize within the wake of a sexual assault scandal involving the husband of considered one of its members.
The secretive, 234-year-old Academy later introduced modifications it billed as bettering the transparency of the awards course of.
But one of many literature laureates introduced final 12 months, the Austrian novelist and playwright Peter Handke, had drawn broad worldwide criticism over his portrayal of Serbia as a sufferer through the Nineteen Nineties Balkan wars and for attending the funeral of its nationalist strongman chief Slobodan Milosevic.
Milosevic died in detention in 2006 while awaiting trial on genocide prices on the U.N. struggle crimes tribunal in The Hague.
The 2016 literature prize granted to American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan sharply divided opinion over whether or not a well-liked musician needs to be given an award that had been largely the area of novelists and playwrights.
Like a lot of public life all over the world, this 12 months`s awards have taken place underneath the shadow of the coronavirus pandemic, which led to the cancellation of the splashy Nobel prize-giving ceremony held every December in Stockholm.
Instead, a televised occasion will be held with winners receiving their honours of their house international locations.
This 12 months`s winners will be invited to a ceremony in 2021 to have a good time alongside subsequent 12 months`s laureates, assuming the pandemic has eased by then.