Hair Fall Reasons in Females: Causes, Prevention, and Treatment

Hair fall or hair loss is a common issue that affects both men and women. However, it is more prevalent in females, and it can be distressing for them. Hair loss can be due to various reasons, such as hormonal changes, genetic factors, lifestyle choices, and medical conditions. In this article, we will discuss the common reasons for hair fall in females, their prevention, and treatment.


Hair fall is a natural process that occurs daily. It is a part of the hair growth cycle, which involves three phases: Anagen, Catagen, and Telogen. The Anagen phase is the growth phase, which lasts for two to six years. The Catagen phase is the transition phase, which lasts for two to three weeks. The Telogen phase is the resting phase, which lasts for three to four months. During this phase, the hair follicle rests, and the old hair falls out, making way for new hair to grow.

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal changes are one of the most common reasons for hair fall in females. Hormonal changes can be due to pregnancy, menopause, or hormonal imbalances. During pregnancy, the body produces more estrogen, which prolongs the Anagen phase and reduces hair fall. After delivery, the estrogen levels drop, which can result in hair fall. Similarly, during menopause, the body produces less estrogen, which can lead to hair loss.

Prevention: Maintain a healthy diet, exercise regularly, and manage stress levels.

Treatment: Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or medications such as Minoxidil and Finasteride.

Genetic Factors

Genetic factors play a significant role in hair fall in females. Female pattern baldness, also known as Androgenetic Alopecia, is a genetic condition that results in hair loss. It is a hereditary condition that can be passed down from either parent.

Prevention: There is no way to prevent genetic hair loss. However, maintaining a healthy diet, avoiding harsh chemicals, and taking care of your hair can slow down the process.

Treatment: Medications such as Minoxidil and Finasteride, hair transplant surgery, or wearing a wig.

Lifestyle Choices

Lifestyle choices such as diet, smoking, and hair care practices can also lead to hair fall in females. A diet lacking in essential nutrients can result in hair loss. Smoking can reduce blood flow to the scalp, which can lead to hair fall. Harsh hair care practices such as tight hairstyles, chemical treatments, and excessive heat styling can damage the hair and lead to hair loss.

Prevention: Maintain a healthy diet, avoid smoking, and practice gentle hair care.

Treatment: Hair care products containing vitamins and minerals, scalp massages, and hair masks.

Medical Conditions

Several medical conditions can lead to hair fall in females. These include thyroid disorders, autoimmune diseases, and scalp infections. Thyroid disorders such as Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism can disrupt the hair growth cycle and lead to hair loss. Autoimmune diseases such as Lupus and Alopecia Areata can also result in hair fall. Scalp infections such as Fungal infections and Folliculitis can damage the hair follicles and lead to hair loss.