Travelling to the U.S.? The guidelines are nonetheless in flux

American vacationers craving to go to Canada acquired welcome information on Monday when the federal government introduced it will quickly reopen its doorways to completely vaccinated U.S. residents. 

However, some Canadians craving to cross the U.S. land border felt short-changed, as no reciprocal settlement was introduced. 

“I’m waiting pretty damn patiently. We are all waiting pretty patiently to have this border open,” mentioned Leslie Beitel of Lethbridge, Alta. She owns a second dwelling about 290 kilometres away in Columbia Falls, Mont., however cannot drive there as a result of the U.S. land border is closed.  

“It would just be really nice to be able to have free access to our place,” she mentioned. 

Here are the present guidelines for coming into the U.S., together with what’s topic to vary. 

U.S. journey guidelines

In March 2020, Canada and the United States agreed to shut their shared land border to non-essential journey to assist cease the unfold of COVID-19. 

The U.S. determined to nonetheless let Canadian vacationers enter by air, while Canada barred American travellers from coming into by any mode of transport. 

It was broadly assumed that — when the time was proper — the 2 international locations would announce a joint reopening of the land border. 

But that did not occur. 

On Monday, the Canadian government announced that, come Aug. 9, absolutely vaccinated Americans can enter Canada and even skip quarantine. The U.S. government, nevertheless, had nothing new to announce, besides that it was persevering with to review its present journey restrictions. 

“Every country gets to set its own rules about how it will keep its citizens safe,” mentioned Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at a information convention in Hamilton on Tuesday. 

WATCH | Canada to open border to vaccinated Americans beginning Aug. 9: 

Effective Aug. 9, fully vaccinated Americans can travel to Canada without having to quarantine, rules which may extend to the rest of the world in early September. 2:32

A day later, the U.S. declared that, barring an amendment, its side of the land border will remain closed to non-essential travel until at least Aug. 21 due to risks posed by the pandemic.

Even so, Canadians can still freely enter the U.S. by air. 

They must show proof of a negative molecular or antigen COVID-19 test taken no more than three days before their flight. 

When returning to Canada, travellers must show proof of a negative molecular test taken in the U.S. However, the Canadian government said that come Aug. 9, travellers can take that test when leaving Canada, and use it to both enter the U.S. and return home — as long as they’re in the U.S. for less than 72 hours. 

Birgit Heinbach, right, used to be able to walk to her husband Ian Geddes’s house in Blaine, Wash., in 45 minutes. With the land border closed, the trip now involves two planes and most of a day. ‘It’s ridiculous,’ she said. (Len Saunders)

Birgit Heinbach lives in Surrey, B.C., just seven kilometres from her American husband’s home across the border in Blaine, Wash. 

She used to be able to walk to her husband’s house in 45 minutes, but because Heinback can’t travel by land, visiting her husband has become a lengthy, expensive journey. 

“I have to fly from Vancouver to Seattle, hang around there, take the next plane to Bellingham. So it takes me three quarters of a day,” she said. “It’s ridiculous.”

Why won’t the U.S. reopen its land border now?

Last year, the U.S. made noises about reopening the Canada-U.S. land border while Canada publicly opposed the idea. 

So why was the U.S. silent on Monday when Canada announced its reopening plans?

Foreign policy expert Edward Alden suggested the U.S. is waiting until it’s ready to reopen its shared land border with Mexico, which is also closed to non-essential travel. 

“It would be enormously awkward for this administration … to lift the restrictions on Canada without simultaneously lifting the land border restrictions on Mexico,” said Alden, a professor of U.S.-Canada economic relations at Western Washington University in Bellingham, Wash.

WATCH | Mexico’s ambassador to Canada on the land border closures: 

Following information that the U.S. will lengthen its land border closure with Mexico and Canada till Aug. 21, Mexico’s Ambassador to Canada Juan José Gomez-Camacho tells Power & Politics he thinks it is logical for the United States to deal with its northern and southern borders the identical. 7:28

Alden steered the U.S. is not speeding to reopen the border with Mexico due to the anticipated penalties: a flood of asylum seekers it might’t instantly flip again alongside with backlash from Republicans against Biden’s immigration insurance policies. 

“It’s mostly the political concern over the Republicans,” he mentioned. “It’s also, I would think, just a [border] resources concern.”

On Thursday, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security tweeted that it’s “in constant contact with Canadian and Mexican counterparts to identify the conditions under which restrictions may be eased safely and sustainably.”

Vaccine mixing issues

It’s unclear at this level whether or not the U.S. will mandate that Canadian vacationers be absolutely vaccinated towards COVID-19 when they’re allowed to cross by land. It’s not at the moment a requirement for U.S.-bound air travellers.

If the U.S. does impose a vaccination requirement, it might trigger issues for the more than 2.6 million Canadians who have blended doses of COVID-19 vaccines.

The U.S. at the moment does not acknowledge COVID-19 vaccine mixing.

“The safety and effectiveness of receiving two different COVID-19 vaccines has not been studied,” Jasmine Reed, a spokesperson for the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, mentioned in an electronic mail. 

However, the CDC says blended doses of the 2 mRNA vaccines, Pfizer and Moderna, will be accepted in “exceptional situations,” akin to when the vaccine used for the primary dose was not accessible. That rule excludes the numerous Canadians who bought an AstraZeneca-Oxford vaccine and an mRNA shot.

Cruise line questions

Several cruise strains are following the CDC’s directive for his or her cruises departing from the U.S. where the passenger should be absolutely vaccinated. Norweigan Cruise Line shouldn’t be recognizing people with blended doses as being absolutely vaccinated. Princess CruisesCarnival and Holland America aren’t recognizing those that blended doses of AstraZeneca and an mRNA vaccine.

“It makes me feel like I’m somehow a second class citizen,” mentioned epidemiologist Nazeem Muhajarine, who bought one dose of AstraZeneca and a second dose of the Pfizer vaccine.

Epidemiologist Nazeem Muhajarine mentioned research up to now counsel that mixing vaccine doses is secure and efficient, so the U.S. will seemingly sooner or later change its policy, which does not at the moment acknowledge them. (Lauren Winter Photography)

Muhajarine, a professor of group health and epidemiology on the University of Saskatchewan, mentioned research up to now counsel that mixing vaccine doses is secure and efficient, so the U.S. will seemingly change its policy sooner or later.

“It has to change, because this is such a narrow kind of take on what is allowable,”  he mentioned. 

“There are many countries mixing and matching different types of vaccines.”

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